Pneumonia is a lung infection that causes air sacs to become filled with pus or fluid. It is accompanied by a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, and it can be life-threatening. In many cases, it can be treated with antiviral medications or antibiotics.
Common Causes of Pneumonia:
There are several things that can cause pneumonia, and even healthy people can develop the illness. You can acquire pneumonia in your daily life or while you are being treated for other illnesses in a healthcare setting.
- Community-acquired pneumonia – This form of pneumonia may develop as you are living your day-to-day life outside of a healthcare institution. There are different types of community-acquired pneumonia:
- Viral pneumonia – Viral pneumonia occurs when the lung infection is caused by a virus, such as a cold, influenza or RSV. This is the most common cause of pneumonia in children under the age of 2. While this is a mild type of pneumonia for most people, it can turn into a serious health issue.
- Bacterial pneumonia – Bacterial pneumonia affects one lobe of the lung and can be caused by different types of bacteria. It may develop after you have been sick with another illness, but it can also occur on its own. You may also become infected by bacteria-like organisms, which can cause a mild form of pneumonia.
- Fungal pneumonia – Bird droppings and soil contain fungi, which can cause pneumonia if you have a weakened immune system or if you have breathed in the organisms.
- Aspiration pneumonia – If you inhale saliva, vomit, food or drink into your lungs, you may develop aspiration pneumonia. The aspiration may occur due to a brain injury, illness or the use of drugs or alcohol.
- Health care-acquired pneumonia – This type of pneumonia is caused by bacteria that are present in outpatient clinics or long-term care facilities. These can be difficult to treat with antibiotics because the bacteria are often resistant to antibiotics.
- Hospital-acquired pneumonia – Some people develop pneumonia while they are being treated in a hospital for another illness. Like health care-acquired pneumonia, it can be difficult to treat.
When to Seek Medical Attention:
If you suspect that you have pneumonia, then you need to see a doctor as soon as possible. The earlier that pneumonia is diagnosed, the easier it is to treat. Come in to our emergency center immediately if you have any of the following symptoms:
- Difficulty breathing
- Chest pains
- Coughing up blood
If you are experiencing symptoms of pneumonia, please visit one of our emergency room locations. Our ER is open 24/7 to treat your medical emergencies. Our board-certified physicians will get you taken care of, within the comforts of our fully-stocked facility. Schedule an emergency room appointment with us.