Sinus Infection occurs when you have swollen mucus membranes in your nose, throat (along the upper respiratory tract) and sinuses. Sinus infections can be very painful and involve the swelling of your passages and facial pain to persist.
Common Causes of Sinus Infection:
Some of the causes include things like viral infection, bacterial infection and fungal infection.
- Viral Infection – This is the common cold. Most cases of sinus infection are caused by the common cold.
- Bacterial Infection – This may be the cause for sinus infection symptoms lasting longer than 7 to 10 days. Viral infections tend to run their course in at least that period of time so if you are still experiencing symptoms after a week to 10 days then you are likely dealing with a bacterial infection.
- Fungal Infection – This is most commonly attributed to the lesser cases of sinus infection. If you have atypical symptoms, you could be dealing with a fungal infection. Also if your immune system is weakened you may be suffering from some kind of a fungal infection.
There are also some conditions, which cause an uptick in your potential for getting sinus infections. If you have any of the following you could be at an increased risk for sinus infections.
- Allergies (Hay Fever) – If you are stricken with sinus infection and you have allergies such as hay fever you may get inflammation, which block your sinuses.
- Nasal Polyps or Tumor – Another thing, which could block your airways and elevate your risk of sinus infection are nasal polyps or tumors. These tissues that may grow and block off your nasal passages or sinuses.
- Deviated Nasal Septum – This crooked wall between your nasal passages may elevate your risk for sinus infections.
- Tooth Infection – You could even get your sinus infection if you suffer from an infected tooth.
Other medical conditions like cystic fibrosis, immune system disorders and gastroesophageal reflux disease are things, which may result in sinus blockage or increased risk of infection.
When to call a doctor:
Because so many cases of sinus infection resolve themselves of their own volition it is often not necessary to call a doctor. However there may be times when symptoms persist in a mild fashion for far longer than is customary. In such cases you may wish to call on a doctor.
Call 911 immediately if you have any of the following symptoms with sinus infection:
In such cases of severe symptoms, intense sweating, horrible chills, inability to breathe and other more extreme measures to your sinus infection, then you should call 911 or visit your nearest emergency room.
If someone is experiencing symptoms of a sinus infection, please contact SignatureCare Emergency Center at (281) 258-4351. We are here to help 24/7.