There are many diseases that pose a great danger to human lives due to their ability to kill the victim without giving them chance to fight for their lives. Unlike cancer, HIV and other kinds of illness that allow the victim to live with their loved ones before it kills them. The worst part of these diseases is that it can kill in a day is that they weaken and poisons the victim’s body within a short time resulting in untimely death. The fact that there is no cure for some of them makes it even them the worst. These diseases are very fatal. Here are the world’s most deadly diseases you must avoid coming in contact with.
- Necrotizing Fasciitis
This is a very dangerous bacterial skin infection that can kill the victim within a short period of time. It is popularly known as flesh eating bug because of its ability to speedily spread through the body and kill the body’s soft tissue. This infection once enters the body releases poisons that attack the flat layers of a membrane known as the fascia, nerves, blood vessels, fat, and connective bands of tissues that surround muscles. Necrotizing Fasciitis is mostly spread by group A Streptococcus. Victims mostly lose their limbs and next thing is death.
- Meningococcal Disease
Meningococcal disease is a deadly contagious bacterial disease caused by the Neisseria meningitides. The disease is caused by five serogroups of Neisseria meningitides namely A, B, C, W, and Y. In the United States only serogroups B, C, and Y are the recorded cause of the disease there. The mode of contact is by person-to-person contact through respiratory droplets of infected person. The disease attacks the protective membranes of the brain and spinal cord popularly called the Meninges.
Victims mostly come down with fever, nausea, vomiting, heavy headache, blurred vision, and a stiff neck after some few days of exposure. The results are meningitis, septicemia, and the fatal case is dead after a few hours of the onset of symptoms. It is a very deadly disease that releases toxins into the blood stream resulting in the victim fatigue, uncontrollable diarrhea, bleeding from the skin and organs.
- Chagas Disease
Chagas disease is caused by a protozoan parasite known as the Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi). The disease is transmitted to human through the feces of triatomine bugs, called the ‘kissing bugs’. The victims mostly come down with a skin lesion or purple swelling of the eye lids followed by a severe headache, fever, swollen lymph glands, chest pain, muscle pain and fast breathing.
Chagas disease occurs in two stages in the human body. The first stage after bitten by kissing bug results in the circulation of a high number of the parasite in the body. The second stage occurs in the heart and digestive muscles resulting in the cardiac arrest, enlarged colon and other digestive failures of the victim. The disease is curing when diagnosed on time and there are drugs that can flush it out of the victim’s body.
Ebola is a deadly contagious disease caused by human exposure to the remains or sick monkeys, gorillas, forest antelope, chimpanzees and fruit bats in the rainforest of the West African Regions. It is transmitted through close contact with the body fluid of the infected animals. The fluid can be secretions, organs, and blood. The disease affects animals too such as monkeys, chimpanzees, and gorillas. The victims usually passed it to other humans via stools, open skin, urine, semen, and blood.
The incubation period is between two to twenty-one days resulting in weakness of the body, heavy headache, muscle pain, fever, sore throat followed by uncontrollable diarrhea, impaired vision, vomiting, kidney failure, liver failure and internal & external bleeding. Ebola victims are drained of every single fluid in their body and will need intravenous fluids and intensive supportive care to be able to fight the disease. Currently, there is no specific drug that can cure it but with constant care, the victim can survive.
- Dengue Fever
There are over 100 million cases of dengue fever recorded worldwide, each year. The disease is transmitted to humans via the bite of an infected mosquito. The severe and fatal form of dengue is Dengue Hemorrhagic. The symptoms include high fever, severe pain behind the eyes, muscle & bone pain, joint pain, body rash and mild bleeding from the nose. The symptoms usually disappear after some few days resulting in the victim coming down with severe abdominal pain, constant vomiting and difficulty in breathing.
In the next 24 to 48-hour period, the victim blood vessels, the capillaries will be leaking resulting in the fluid component escaping the blood vessels into the lining of the abdominal cavity. This will result in the circulatory system failure, shock and untimely death of the victim. There is no drug that can treat dengue fever except constantly replacing the victim fluid.
The above diseases are very deadly and have the ability to kill the victim in less than 24 hours. You just have to take every precaution to make sure you never come in contact with them. Keep your environment clean and immunize yourself and family member to ensure your body defense mechanism is strong.