On September 16, 1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla encouraged Mexicans to stand up against the government of Spain. This was the beginning of Mexican Independence Day.
“My Children, a new dispensation comes to us today…Will you free yourselves? Will you recover the lands stolen 300 years ago from your forefathers by the hated Spaniards? We must act at once.”- Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
Independence for the Mexicans was not won on September 10, 1810, but it was surely a start of the journey that would one day bring the country its independence. It took 11 years before the county was actually freed from Spain. The Mexicans wanted to recover the land that was stolen from them 300 years prior.
11-year Timeline for the Mexicans fighting for their Independence from Spain
The battle of the Bridge of Calderon was also won by Hildago’s army. This battle forced the army to run for the Mexican border to escape. While fleeing for the border they were captured by the Spaniards. They were left with no hope.
January 1, 1820 – Royalist, Agustin de Iturbide, was forced to lead the final battle against the revolutionaries. Spanish authorities thought that Iturbide may be able to end the independence movement. Iturbide was afraid of losing power, but he for the Mexican Independence anyway.
January 2, 1820 – Iturbide 3 part proposal
Mexico would gain independence but be a monarchy
creoles and Pininsulares will have equal rights
Roman Catholic Church will be the official church of Mexico
This 3 part proposal brought together the Creoles, Pininsulares, Royalist, and Rebels to fight for the independence of Mexico.
January 3, 1820 – The Convalescence stage brought everyone together to fight for their Independence!