But before we delve into the prevention of breast cancer, let’s have a little knowledge on the causes and symptoms of breast cancer.
Causes of breast cancer
A woman’s breast contains fats, lots of lobules, connecting tissues, and also tiny glands that produce milk for breastfeeding, and a tiny duct that transports the milk to the nipple. When the body cells generates uncontrollably, the excessive cells is what causes the breast cancer. The cancer usually starts from the internal lining of the milk ducts or the lobules that produces the milk, and eventually spread to other parts of the body.
Although the main cause of breast cancer has been unclear to scientists worldwide, there are other factors that make it happen
- Genetics: If a close relative suffers or suffered from breast cancer, there is a higher risk for you. There are certain genes that some women possess that make them more susceptible to getting the disease.
- Dense breast tissues: Women who have high density breast tissues have a higher breast cancer risk than others that have less dense breast tissues.
- Body weight: Women who are obese or overweight have a higher level of developing breast cancer, this might be due to the high level of estrogen in the body, or too much sugar intake.
- Alcohol consumption: A higher intake of alcohol everyday seems to raise breast cancer risk. Research has shown that women who take more than 3 alcoholic drinks a day have more chance of developing breast cancer.
- Exposure to radiation: Radiation exposures maybe in work place or by accident increases the risk of someone developing breast cancer. Also getting exposed to radiation treatment for another cancer that is not breast cancer can increase your risk of developing breast cancer.
- Estrogen exposure: Exposure to high levels of estrogen for a period longer than normal will likely increase your breast cancer risk. This could happen maybe because you started your periods earlier than normal or you entered into menopause later than normal, but during those times you are exposed to higher levels of estrogen, and it increases the chances of you developing breast cancer.
- Age: A woman’s breast cancer risk increases as she ages. Study shows that at age 20 the risk of a woman developing breast cancer is 0.6% but at age 70 the figure increases drastically to almost 4%.
- Hormone treatment: Using HRT (Hormone Replacement Therapy) or oral pills for birth control have been linked to increase the risk of a woman developing breast cancer, because those treatments spike up the estrogen level.
Symptoms of breast cancer
The most common symptom of breast cancer is a lump in the breast or armpit. Other symptoms of breast cancer include, pain in the armpit, breast that does not show changes as the menstrual cycle come and go, rash on or around one of the nipples, a discharge from the nipple that might contain blood, a change in the size or shape of the breast, peeling of the skin on the breast or nipples.
See Also: Heart Disease: 8 Ways to Reduce Your Risk.
Not all lumps are cancerous lumps though, so when you discover a lump on your breast or armpit, it is advisable to contact your doctor.
Tips to reduce the risk of breast cancer
- Quit smoking: Study have shown a link between smoking and breast cancer, especially in women who haven’t hit menopause. To lower your breast cancer risk and having a good health overall it is advisable for you to quit smoking.
- Be physically active: Being physically active will surely help you in reducing the risk of developing breast cancer. It is recommended to at least have up to 150 minutes of mild aerobic activities in a week.
- Breast feed: It is important to note that breast feeding helps to reduce the level of estrogen in the body, which helps reduce the risk of a woman developing breast cancer. That is why Brest feeding is beneficial to both the baby and the mother.
- Avoid exposure to radiation: There has been confirmed evidence linking radiation with breast cancer risk in women. So try your possible best to always avoid situations that will put you in contact with such radiation. If your occupation exposes you to radiation, it is Paramount you adhere to all the laid down protective guidelines.
- Reduce the dose and duration of your hormone treatment: Taking hormone replacement therapy for a long time can increase your risk of developing breast cancer. If your hormone therapy is for menopausal symptoms then you should ask your doctor for other treatment options for you. Hormone therapy increases estrogen level in the body, and excess estrogen increases a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer.
- Limit alcohol intake: The more alcohol you drink the greater your breast cancer risk. So it is advisable for women to reduce their consumption of alcohol to not more than a drink a day, or even stop altogether.
- Control your weight: It is very important to watch and control your weight. Being overweight or obese, especially after menopause, increases the risk of you developing breast cancer.
It is important we follow some or all of this tips to avoid the risk of developing breast cancer, it is also advisable we examine our body to check for signs and symptoms of breast cancer, if any of such signs exist, it is best you consult your doctor.